Study Reveals that Nitrogen Fertilizers Deplete Soil Organic Carbon

Public release date: 29-Oct-2007 URBANA – The common practice of adding nitrogen fertilizer is believed to benefit the soil by building organic carbon, but four University of Illinois soil scientists dispute this view based on analyses of soil samples from the Morrow Plots that date back to before the current practice began. The research, also…

Tamiflu survives sewage treatment

Public release date: 2-Oct-2007 Swedish researchers have discovered that oseltamivir (Tamiflu); an antiviral drug used to prevent and mitigate influenza infections is not removed or degraded during normal sewage treatment. Consequently, in countries where Tamiflu is used at a high frequency, there is a risk that its concentration in natural waters can reach levels where…

Breast cancer chemo may damage heart

Public release date: 3-Oct-2007 Drugs called anthracyclines are a breast cancer chemo staple despite a well-known risk: They weaken some women’s hearts. What’s new is research suggesting the drugs work no better than safer alternatives for most women. It’s a controversy born of success: Treatment advances are enabling more women than ever before to beat…

Anti-depressant drugs can double risk of gastrointestinal bleeding

Public release date: 8-Oct-2007 WINSTON-SALEM, N.C. – New research shows that selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), a group of drugs commonly used to treat depression, may double the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding, according to researchers from Wake Forest University School of Medicine and colleagues. When the drugs are taken with aspirin and other similar pain…

Appendix isn’t useless at all: It’s a safe house for bacteria

Public release date: 8-Oct-2007 DURHAM, N.C. – Long denigrated as vestigial or useless, the appendix now appears to have a reason to be – as a “safe house” for the beneficial bacteria living in the human gut. Drawing upon a series of observations and experiments, Duke University Medical Center investigators postulate that the beneficial bacteria…

Prostate cancer therapy linked to increased risk of heart disease death

Public release date: 9-Oct-2007 The use of androgen deprivation therapy to treat localized prostate cancer is associated with an increased risk of death from heart disease, according to a study published online October 9 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute Androgen deprivation therapy is frequently used to treat high-risk localized prostate cancer. Studies…

Protein enhances lethality of influenza virus

Public release date: 10-Oct-2007 It is relatively rare for an influenza virus to be virulent enough to cause death in healthy humans. Many deaths associated with influenza are caused by the combined influence of viral disease and the following secondary bacterial infection. Although the 1918 pandemic strain was one of the few influenza viruses capable…

Cancer conflict with chemotherapy treatment

Public release date: 10-Oct-2007 Young women suffering from breast cancer do not necessarily benefit from chemotherapy treatment Women under the age of forty with breast cancer who are given drugs in addition to lumpectomies or radiotherapy, known as adjuvant chemotherapy, may not be benefiting from these drugs. This is especially true if their tumors respond…

Obesity boosts gullet cancer risk 6-fold

Public release date: 10-Oct-2007 Obese people are six times as likely to develop gullet (oesophageal) cancer as people of ‘healthy’ weight, shows research published ahead of print in the journal Gut. Rates of oesophageal cancer have been rising rapidly, and in some countries, they have risen faster than those of every other major cancer, say…

Red Wine and Grape Juice Help Defend Against Food-Borne Diseases, according to MU Researchers

Public release date: 10-Oct-2007 COLUMBIA, Mo. – Red wine is known to have multiple health benefits. Researchers at the University of Missouri-Columbia have found that red wine may also protect humans from common food-borne diseases Researchers Azlin Mustapha, associate professor of food science in the College of Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources, and Atreyee Das,…

Patients can’t recall their medications to tell doctors

Public release date: 11-Oct-2007 New research from Northwestern University’s Feinberg School of Medicine has found that nearly 50 percent of patients taking antihypertensive drugs in three community health centers were unable to accurately name a single one of their medications listed in their medical chart. That number climbed to 65 percent for patients with low…

Even occasional use of spray cleaners may cause asthma in adults

Public release date: 12-Oct-2007 Using household cleaning sprays and air fresheners as little as once a week can raise the risk of developing asthma in adults, say researchers in Europe. Such products have been associated with increased asthma rates in cleaning professionals, but a similar effect in nonprofessional users has never before been shown. “Frequent…