Tag: National Institutes of Health

Healthy gut microbiota can prevent metabolic syndrome, researchers say

  ATLANTA–Promoting healthy gut microbiota, the bacteria that live in the intestine, can help treat or prevent metabolic syndrome, a combination of risk factors that increases a person’s risk for heart disease, diabetes and stroke, according to researchers at Georgia State University and Cornell University. Their findings are published in the journal Gastroenterology. The study,…

Zinc helps against infection by tapping brakes in immune response

” Zinc deficiency affects about 2 billion people worldwide, including an estimated 40 percent of the elderly in the United States – who are also among the most likely Americans to end up in an ICU.” 28 JAN 2013 COLUMBUS, Ohio – New research suggests that zinc helps control infections by gently tapping the brakes on…

Diet Soda is associated with an increased risk of depression in adults while drinking coffee was tied to a slightly lower risk

Hold the diet soda? Sweetened drinks linked to depression, coffee tied to lower risk 10 JAN 2013 SAN DIEGO – New research suggests that drinking sweetened beverages, especially diet drinks, is associated with an increased risk of depression in adults while drinking coffee was tied to a slightly lower risk. The study was released today…

Beetroot beneficial for athletes and heart failure patients, research finds

PUBLIC RELEASE DATE: 23-Oct-2014 MANHATTAN, Kansas — Football teams are claiming it improves their athletic performance, and according to new research from Kansas State University, it also benefits heart failure patients. The special ingredient: beetroot. Recently, the Auburn University football team revealed its pregame ritual of taking beetroot concentrate, or beet juice, before each game.…

Exercise could fortify immune system against future cancers

Small pilot study suggests that T cells become more responsive in exercising cancer survivors weeks after chemo ends WESTMINSTER, CO (October 10, 2012)—Researchers may soon be able to add yet another item to the list of exercise’s well-documented health benefits: A preliminary study suggests that when cancer survivors exercise for several weeks after they finish…

Minutes of hard exercise can lead to all-day calorie burn

Sprint interval training could cut time exercising while controlling weight WESTMINSTER, CO (October 10, 2012)—Time spent in the drudgery of strenuous exercise is a well-documented turn-off for many people who want to get in better shape. In a new study, researchers show that exercisers can burn as many as 200 extra calories in as little…

Prebiotic may help patients with intestinal failure grow new and better gut – fructooligosacharide (FOS)

“When we fed the carbohydrate fructooligosacharide (FOS) as a prebiotic, the gut grew and increased in function,” 19 OCT 2012 URBANA – Adding the right prebiotic to the diets of pediatric patients with intestinal failure could replace intravenous feeding, says a new University of Illinois study. “When we fed the carbohydrate fructooligosacharide (FOS) as a…

Sugared soda consumption, associated with accelerated cell aging

” This finding held regardless of age, race, income and education level “ Sugared soda consumption, cell aging associated in new study UCSF scientists find shorter telomeres in immune cells of soda drinkers Sugar-sweetened soda consumption might promote disease independently from its role in obesity, according to UC San Francisco researchers who found in a…

Paving the way for a fructose tolerance test

PUBLIC RELEASE DATE: 13-Oct-2014 A new study finds that the hormone FGF21 is stimulated by fructose ingestion BOSTON – Increased consumption of table sugar and high-fructose corn syrup has been linked to rising rates of obesity and type 2 diabetes in the United States and throughout the world. Both sweeteners are commonly found in processed…

Misconduct, not error, accounts for at least 67% of scientific paper retractions

  New study finds 10-fold increase in fraud-related retractions October 1, 2012 — (Bronx, NY) — In sharp contrast to previous studies suggesting that errors account for the majority of retracted scientific papers, a new analysis—the most comprehensive of its kind—has found that misconduct is responsible for two-thirds of all retractions. In the paper, misconduct…

Zinc deficiency mechanism linked to aging, multiple diseases

10-1-12 CORVALLIS, Ore. – A new study has outlined for the first time a biological mechanism by which zinc deficiency can develop with age, leading to a decline of the immune system and increased inflammation associated with many health problems, including cancer, heart disease, autoimmune disease and diabetes. The research was done by scientists in…

Omega-3 Supplements May Slow A Biological Effect of Aging

05 OCT 2012 COLUMBUS, Ohio – Taking enough omega-3 fatty acid supplements to change the balance of oils in the diet could slow a key biological process linked to aging, new research suggests. The study showed that most overweight but healthy middle-aged and older adults who took omega-3 supplements for four months altered a ratio…

Lift weights, improve your memory

Study finds that one short bout of resistance exercise can enhance episodic memory Here’s another reason why it’s a good idea to hit the gym: it can improve memory. A new Georgia Institute of Technology study shows that an intense workout of as little as 20 minutes can enhance episodic memory, also known as long-term…

Vitamin B3 may offer new tool in fight against ‘superbugs’

“high doses of this vitamin increased by 1,000 times the ability of immune cells to kill staph bacteria”   07 SEP 2012 CORVALLIS, Ore. – A new study suggests that nicotinamide, more commonly known as vitamin B3, may be able to combat some of the antibiotic-resistance staph infections that are increasingly common around the world,…

Compound from hops aids cognitive function in young animals

09/22/2014 CORVALLIS, Ore. – Xanthohumol, a type of flavonoid found in hops and beer, has been shown in a new study to improve cognitive function in young mice, but not in older animals. The research was just published in Behavioral Brain Research by scientists from the Linus Pauling Institute and College of Veterinary Medicine at…

Mothers of children with autism less likely to have taken iron supplements

Public Release: 22-Sep-2014 Five-fold greater risk found in children whose mothers had low supplemental iron and other risk factors for delivering a child with ASD (SACRAMENTO, Calif.) —Mothers of children with autism are significantly less likely to report taking iron supplements before and during their pregnancies than the mothers of children who are developing normally,…

Childhood virus selectively kills cancer cells while leaving healthy cells alone

Childhood virus RSV shows promise against adult cancer School of Medicine discovery is proving effective in overseas trials SAN ANTONIO (Sept. 6, 2012) — RSV, a virus that causes respiratory infections in infants and young children, selectively kills cancer cells while leaving healthy cells alone, researchers from the School of Medicine at The University of…

Yale team discovers how stress and depression can shrink the brain

27 AUG 2012 Major depression or chronic stress can cause the loss of brain volume, a condition that contributes to both emotional and cognitive impairment. Now a team of researchers led by Yale scientists has discovered one reason why this occurs — a single genetic switch that triggers loss of brain connections in humans and…

Healthy humans make nice homes for viruses

September 16, 2014 By Caroline Arbanas The same viruses that make us sick can take up residence in and on the human body without provoking a sneeze, cough or other troublesome symptom, according to new research at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. On average, healthy individuals carry about five types of viruses…

Vitamin E intake critical during ‘the first 1,000 days’

 “surveys show that 90 percent of men and 96 percent of women don’t consume the amount currently recommended” CORVALLIS, Ore. – Amid conflicting reports about the need for vitamin E and how much is enough, a new analysis published today suggests that adequate levels of this essential micronutrient are especially critical for the very young,…