Probiotics in Children reduced antibiotic prescriptions up to 53%

Probiotics in Children reduced antibiotic prescriptions up to 53% Probiotics in Children reduced antibiotic prescriptions up to 53% Researchers found that when the results from twelve studies were pooled together, infants and children were 29% percent less likely to have been prescribed antibiotics if they received probiotics as a daily health supplement. When the analysis…

Mannose’s unexpected effects on the microbiome and weight gain

Public Release: 18-Sep-2018 Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute LA JOLLA, CALIF. – Sept. 18, 2018 – Scientists continue to unravel links between body weight and the gut microbiome. Now, researchers from Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP) report an unexpected finding: mice fed a fatty diet and mannose, a sugar, were protected from…

Dietary fiber reduces brain inflammation during aging

Public Release: 13-Sep-2018 University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences URBANA, Ill. – As mammals age, immune cells in the brain known as microglia become chronically inflamed. In this state, they produce chemicals known to impair cognitive and motor function. That’s one explanation for why memory fades and other brain functions decline…

Scientific analysis shows probiotic use is associated with fewer antibiotic prescriptions

Public Release: 14-Sep-2018   Healthy infants and children who take probiotics as a preventative measure receive fewer antibiotic prescriptions International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics Global demand exists for new ways to reduce antibiotic use, given the urgent public health threat of antibiotic resistance. A scientific paper published [today] in European Journal of Public…

Household cleaning products may contribute to kids’ overweight by altering their gut microbiota

Public Release: 17-Sep-2018 Canadian Medical Association Journal Commonly used household cleaners could be making children overweight by altering their gut microbiota, suggests a Canadian study published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). The study analyzed the gut flora of 757 infants from the general population at age 3-4 months and weight at ages 1 and…

Aspirin found not to prolong healthy aging

Public Release: 17-Sep-2018   Large, international study shows daily low-dose aspirin has no effect on healthy life span in older adults Rush University Medical Center Taking a low-dose aspirin daily does not prolong healthy living in older adults, according to findings from the ASPirin in Reducing Events in the Elderly (ASPREE) trial published online Sept.…

Is resveratrol an effective add-on to NSAIDS to treat knee osteoarthritis?

Public Release: 17-Sep-2018 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News New Rochelle, NY, September 17, 2018–In what researchers state is the first pilot clinical trial to assess the effects of resveratrol on pain severity and levels of inflammatory biomarkers in patients with mild to moderate knee osteoarthritis, the scientists compared treatment with a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug…

NAC shown to help protect Osteoarthritis and Osteopenia

NAC shown to help protect Osteoarthritis and Osteopenia NAC shown to help protect Osteoarthritis and Osteopenia A protein involved in multiple cellular processes called ANP32A protects cartilage in the joints against degradation by damaging oxidation, preventing the development and progression of osteoarthritis, according to a new study by Frederique Cornelis and colleagues. Their findings suggest…

Gut bacteria’s shocking secret: They produce electricity

Public Release: 12-Sep-2018   Hundreds of electricity-generating bacteria found, including pathogenic, probiotic and fermenting bacteria University of California – Berkeley While bacteria that produce electricity have been found in exotic environments like mines and the bottoms of lakes, scientists have missed a source closer to home: the human gut. University of California, Berkeley, scientists discovered…

Bee venom may help treat eczema

Public Release: 6-Sep-2018 Wiley Bee venom and its major component, melittin, may be effective treatments for atopic dermatitis (or eczema), according to a British Journal of Pharmacology study. Through studies conducted in mice and in human cells, investigators found that bee venom and melittin suppress inflammation through various mechanisms on immune cells and inflammatory molecules.…

How olive oil and sleep could stave off heart attacks and strokes: New study examines plasma protein’s role

Public Release: 6-Sep-2018 Apolipoprotein A-IV linked with thrombosis in new study St. Michael’s Hospital TORONTO, September 6, 2018 – Foods high in unsaturated fats may protect against cardiovascular disease, and new research published today in Nature Communications has uncovered why. Apolipoprotein A-IV, known as ApoA-IV, is a plasma protein. Levels of ApoA-IV increase after the…

Camu Camu may increase metabolism through the Gut Microbiome

Camu Camu may increase metabolism through the Gut Microbiome Camu Camu may increase metabolism through the Gut Microbiome The researchers found that camu camu improved glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity and reduced the concentration of blood endotoxins and metabolic inflammation. “All these changes were accompanied by a reshaping of the intestinal microbiota. Fernando F Anhê,…

Amazonian fruit prevents obesity in overfed mice

Public Release: 30-Aug-2018   Université Laval Quebec City, August 30, 2018–An extract of camu camu–a fruit native to the Amazon–prevents obesity in mice fed a diet rich in sugar and fat, say researchers at Université Laval and the Quebec Heart and Lung Institute Research Centre. The discovery, which was recently published in the scientific journal…

In test with rats, cannabidiol showed sustained effects against depression for 7 days

Public Release: 30-Aug-2018   First results appeared 24 hours after one single dose of the marijuana component; scientists concluded that CBD activate mechanisms which repair neuronal circuitry in patients’ prefrontal cortex and hippocampus Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo Commercial antidepressants typically take two to four weeks to have a significant…

Investigators find that bile acids reduce cocaine reward

Public Release: 31-Aug-2018   Vanderbilt University Medical Center   IMAGE: India Reddy, MD, PhD, left, Nick Smith, Charles (Robb) Flynn, PhD, and colleagues are studying the role of bile acids in reducing the desire for cocaine. Credit: Photo by Anne Rayner Bile acids — gut compounds that aid in the digestion of dietary fats —…

Aging reversed through mitochondrial DNA replenishment

Aging reversed through mitochondrial DNA replenishment Aging reversed through mitochondrial DNA replenishment Researchers have reversed wrinkled skin and hair loss, hallmarks of aging, in a mouse model. When a mutation leading to mitochondrial dysfunction is induced, the mouse develops wrinkled skin and extensive, visible hair loss in a matter of weeks. When the mitochondrial function…

Few people at risk for heart disease understand food labels

Public Release: 28-Aug-2018   Survey reveals gaps in use and awareness of important nutritional information European Society of Cardiology An Irish survey of 200 men and women examines awareness, understanding, and use of food labels in preventing lifestyle-related disease in a primary care setting. Participants responded to a questionnaire devised by the lead author. The…

Antibiotic side effects in kids lead to nearly 70,000 ER visits in the US each year

Public Release: 23-Aug-2018 Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society The use of antibiotics drives the development of antibiotic resistance, a major threat to public health worldwide. But these drugs also carry the risk of harm to individual patients, including children. According to a new analysis published in the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society, antibiotics led…

Natural sugar defends against metabolic syndrome, in mice

Public Release: 23-Aug-2018 Trehalose blocks glucose from liver Washington University School of Medicine New research, in mice, indicates that a natural sugar called trehalose blocks glucose from the liver and activates a gene that boosts insulin sensitivity, reducing the chance of developing diabetes. Activating the gene also triggers an increase in calories burned, reduces fat…

Cardio exercise and strength training affect hormones differently

Public Release: 24-Aug-2018 University of Copenhagen The Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences Every day a lot of people cycle to and from work or visit the gym to lift heavy weights. Regardless of the form of training they choose, almost everyone does it to improve their health. But we actually know surprisingly little about…