Yeast species used in food industry causes disease in humans

Public Release: 19-Jul-2018 PLOS Caption A phylogenetic tree of strains was constructed from data from a filtered set of 150,306 SNP sites, using RRHS and Maximum Likelihood (see Methods). Branch supports represent pseudo-bootstrap values. Strains named in red are clinical isolates, and strains named in blue are environmental. For each strain, four circles indicate relative…

Mobile phone radiation may affect memory performance in adolescents

Public Release: 19-Jul-2018 Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute The rapid evolution of information and communication technologies (ICT) goes along with an increase in exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) in our daily life. The most relevant exposure source to the brain is the use of a mobile phone close to the head. Several studies…

Study: ADHD drugs do not improve cognition in healthy college students

Public Release: 19-Jul-2018 Medication may also impair working memory, researchers at URI, Brown University report University of Rhode Island KINGSTON, R.I., July 19, 2018 — Contrary to popular belief across college campuses, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medications may fail to improve cognition in healthy students and actually can impair functioning, according to a study…

Macular Degeneration risk reduced 60% by eating Oranges

Macular Degeneration risk reduced 60% by eating Oranges The research showed that people who ate at least one serving of oranges every day had more than a 60% reduced risk of developing late macular degeneration 15 years later. Bamini Gopinath Gerald Liew Annette Kifley Victoria M Flood Nichole Joachim Joshua R Lewis Jonathan M Hodgson…

Beef jerky and other processed meats associated with manic episodes

Public Release: 18-Jul-2018   Johns Hopkins Medicine An analysis of more than 1,000 people with and without psychiatric disorders has shown that nitrates–chemicals used to cure meats such as beef jerky, salami, hot dogs and other processed meat snacks–may contribute to mania, an abnormal mood state. Mania is characterized by hyperactivity, euphoria and insomnia. The…

Cannabinoids may have a vast array of anti-cancer effects

Public Release: 18-Jul-2018   Wiley Previous research has shown that cannabinoids can help lessen side effects of anti-cancer therapies. Now a new British Journal of Pharmacology review has examined their potential for the direct treatment of cancer. Phytocannabinoids are the most notable type of cannabinoid, and they occur naturally in the cannabis plant. Studies have…

Fish consumption may prolong life

Public Release: 18-Jul-2018   Wiley Consumption of fish and long-chain omega-3 fatty acids was associated with lower risks of early death in a Journal of Internal Medicine study. In the study of 240,729 men and 180,580 women who were followed for 16 years, 54,230 men and 30,882 women died. Higher fish and long-chain omega-3 fatty…

Neurons can carry more than one signal at a time

Public Release: 18-Jul-2018   Study sheds light on how the brain encodes complex information Duke University DURHAM, N.C. — Back in the early days of telecommunications, engineers devised a clever way to send multiple telephone calls through a single wire at the same time. Called time-division multiplexing, this technique rapidly switches between sending pieces of…

The scent of coffee appears to boost performance in math

Public Release: 17-Jul-2018 Smelling a coffee-like scent, which has no caffeine in it, creates an expectation for students that they will perform better on tests Stevens Institute of Technology Drinking coffee seems to have its perks. In addition to the physical boost it delivers, coffee may lessen our risk of heart disease, diabetes and dementia.…

Products of omega-3 fatty acid metabolism may have anticancer effects, study shows

Public Release: 13-Jul-2018 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — A class of molecules formed when the body metabolizes omega-3 fatty acids could inhibit cancer’s growth and spread, University of Illinois researchers report in a new study in mice. The molecules, called endocannabinoids, are made naturally by the body and have similar properties to…

An orange a day keeps macular degeneration away: 15-year study

Public Release: 12-Jul-2018   A new study has shown that people who regularly eat oranges are less likely to develop macular degeneration than people who do not eat oranges Westmead Institute for Medical Research   Credit: Westmead Institute for Medical Research A new study has shown that people who regularly eat oranges are less likely…

Systematic review examines role of walnut consumption on cardiovascular risk factors

Public Release: 12-Jul-2018   Meta-analysis by Harvard researchers reveals the effect of a walnut-enriched diet on cholesterol, triglycerides, blood pressure, and body weight Edelman Seattle FOLSOM, Calif., July 12, 2018 – An updated systematic review from Harvard University examines 25 years of evidence for the role of walnut consumption on cardiovascular risk factors, including cholesterol,…

Being Outside, The Significant Effect on a variety of Health Conditions

Being Outside, The Significant Effect on a variety of Health Conditions Being Outside, The Significant Effect on a variety of Health Conditions Living close to nature and spending time outside has significant and wide-ranging health benefits — according to new research. A new report reveals that exposure to greenspace reduces the risk of type II…

It’s official — spending time outside is good for you

Public Release: 6-Jul-2018 University of East Anglia Living close to nature and spending time outside has significant and wide-ranging health benefits – according to new research from the University of East Anglia. A new report published today reveals that exposure to greenspace reduces the risk of type II diabetes, cardiovascular disease, premature death, preterm birth,…

Consumption of fast food linked with asthma and other allergic diseases

Public Release: 5-Jul-2018 Wiley A new Respirology review and analysis of published studies reveals a link between fast food consumption and an increased likelihood of having asthma, wheeze, and several other allergic diseases such as pollen fever, eczema, and rhino-conjunctivitis. The analysis included 16 studies. In terms of different types of fast food consumption, hamburger…

Brain dreams and processes words during anesthesia

Brain dreams and processes words during anesthesia Brain dreams and processes words during anesthesia All in all, the findings indicate that consciousness is not necessarily fully lost during anesthesia, even though the person is no longer reacting to their environment. However, dream-like experiences and thoughts might still float in consciousness. The brain might still register…

Exposure to paint, varnish, other solvents linked to increased risk of MS

Public Release: 3-Jul-2018 American Academy of Neurology MINNEAPOLIS – People who have been exposed to paint, varnish and other solvents and who also carry genes that make them more susceptible to developing multiple sclerosis (MS) may be at much greater risk of developing the disease than people who have only the exposure to solvents or…

Consciousness is partly preserved during general anesthesia

Public Release: 3-Jul-2018 University of Turku When people are administered an anaesthetic, they seem to lose consciousness – or at least they stop reacting to their environment. But is consciousness lost fully during anaesthesia or does consciousness persist in the brain but in an altered state? This question has been explored in the joint research…