Month: July 2015

The evolutionary link between diet and stomach acidity

Public Release: 29-Jul-2015 North Carolina State University An analysis of data on stomach acidity and diet in birds and mammals suggests that high levels of stomach acidity developed not to help animals break down food, but to defend animals against food poisoning. The work raises interesting questions about the evolution of stomach acidity in humans,…

Red grape chemical may help prevent bowel cancer, but less is more

Public Release: 29-Jul-2015 Cancer Research UK Resveratrol, a chemical found in red grapes, is more effective in smaller doses at preventing bowel cancer in mice than high doses, according to new research* published today (Wednesday) in the journal Science Translational Medicine. Previous research looked at high doses of purified resveratrol to study its potential to…

Prostate cancer is 5 different diseases

Public Release: 29-Jul-2015 Cancer Research UK Cancer Research UK scientists have for the first time identified that there are five distinct types of prostate cancer and found a way to distinguish between them, according to a landmark study* published today in EBioMedicine. The findings could have important implications for how doctors treat prostate cancer in…

An all-natural sunscreen derived from algae

Public Release: 29-Jul-2015 American Chemical Society For consumers searching for just the right sunblock this summer, the options can be overwhelming. But scientists are now turning to the natural sunscreen of algae — which is also found in fish slime — to make a novel kind of shield against the sun’s rays that could protect…

Arthritis pains eased by High intensity training

High intensity training helps ease arthritis pains “Rather, we saw a tendency for there to be less inflammation, at least as measured by the inflammation marker CRP, and the participants of the study experienced a solid increase maximum oxygen intake, meaning that they reduced their risk of cardiovascular disease,” Bye said. The participants also saw…

Cystic fibrosis microorganisms survive on little to no oxygen

Public Release: 28-Jul-2015 American Society for Microbiology WASHINGTON, DC – July 28, 2015 – Microbes contributing to cystic fibrosis (CF) are able to survive in saliva and mucus that is chemically heterogeneous, including significant portions that are largely devoid of oxygen, according to a study published this week in mBio®, the online open-access journal of…

McMaster scientists show a link between intestinal bacteria and depression

Public Release: 28-Jul-2015 Exploring the role of intestinal microbiota in the altered behavior that is a consequence of early life stress McMaster University Hamilton, ON (July 28, 2015) – Scientists from the Farncombe Family Digestive Health Research Institute at McMaster University have discovered that intestinal bacteria play an important role in inducing anxiety and depression.…

Omega-3 fatty acids may help improve treatment and quality of life in cancer patients

Public Release: 28-Jul-2015 American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (A.S.P.E.N.) Adding omega-3 fatty acids to anti-tumor medications may improve treatment response and quality of life for cancer patients according to a new study by researchers at the University Hospitals of Leicester in the United Kingdom. The study, published today in the OnlineFirst version of…

Probiotics improve behavioral symptoms of chronic inflammatory diseases in mice

Public Release: 28-Jul-2015 Society for Neuroscience WASHINGTON, DC — Probiotics may improve the behavioral symptoms of chronic inflammatory diseases by altering communication between the immune system and the brain, according to an animal study published July 29 in the Journal of Neuroscience. Chronic inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and inflammatory bowel disease are associated…

Fatty acid increases performance of cellular powerhouse

Public Release: 28-Jul-2015 Fundamentally new biological signaling pathway discovered German Cancer Research Center (Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, DKFZ) Mitochondria are essential to all higher forms of life. Every animal and plant depends on these small intracellular structures. Mitochondria have multiple tasks: Since they generate most of the cell’s biochemical energy, they are referred to as the powerhouses…

Some vaccines support evolution of more-virulent viruses

Public Release: 27-Jul-2015 PLOS Scientific experiments with the herpes virus strain that causes Marek’s disease in poultry have confirmed, for the first time, the highly controversial theory that some types of vaccines allow for the evolution and survival of increasingly virulent versions of a virus, putting unvaccinated individuals at greater risk of severe illness. The…

New study: Consumers don’t view GMO labels as negative ‘warnings’

Public Release: 27-Jul-2015 Results from 5 years of polling data released as US Senate considers controversial GMO labeling law University of Vermont A new study released just days after the U.S. House passed a bill that would prevent states from requiring labels on genetically modified foods reveals that GMO labeling would not act as warning…

Soybean oil causes more obesity than coconut oil and fructose

Public Release: 22-Jul-2015 UC Riverside scientists found mice on high soybean oil diet showed increased levels of weight gain and diabetes compared to mice on a high fructose diet or high coconut oil diet University of California – Riverside IMAGE: A diet high in soybean oil causes more obesity and diabetes than a diet high…

Researchers discover how to cut worrying levels of arsenic

Public Release: 22-Jul-2015 Queen’s University Belfast, UK, researchers discover how to cut worrying levels of arsenic Researchers at Queen’s University Belfast, UK, have made a breakthrough in discovering how to lower worrying levels of arsenic in rice that is eaten all over the world Queen’s University Belfast Researchers at Queen’s University Belfast have made a…

Almost 9 in 10 medical guideline creators have a Conflict of Interest

Public Release: 22-Jul-2015 Guidelines: Authors’ conflicts of interest should lead to consequences Deutsches Aerzteblatt International A guideline–recommendations on diagnosing and treating a particular disorder–aims to present the best possible treatment for patients. However, when guidelines are compiled their authors often have conflicts of interest, for example as a result of funding or membership in specialist…

Teeth reveal lifetime exposures to metals, toxins

Public Release: 22-Jul-2015 The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine (NEW YORK CITY – July 22, 2015) Is it possible that too much iron in infant formula may potentially increase risk for neurodegenerative diseases like Parkinson’s in adulthood — and are teeth the window into the past that can help us tell?…

Elderberry Shown to Reduce Cold Duration and Symptoms

Elderberry benefits air travelers Presenting their results at the 21st Annual International Integrative Medicine Conference in Melbourne, the research team showed how elderberry appears to reduce the duration and severity of the cold. The randomised, double-blind placebo controlled clinical trial was conducted with 312 economy class passengers travelling from Australia to an overseas destination. Cold…

Foods with added phosphate cause spike in blood, even in people with healthy kidneys

Public Release: 21-Jul-2015 Houston Methodist HOUSTON — (July 21, 2015) – Phosphates artificially added to dairy and cereal products appear to cause bigger spikes in blood phosphorus levels than naturally occurring phosphates, potentially putting harmful stress on kidneys. Too much dietary phosphate stiffens blood vessels, enlarges the heart and is bad for bones, but a…