Month: October 2007

More fast food means greater BMI

Public release date: 22-Oct-2007 Americans are less willing to pay more for healthy dishes, less knowledgeable about healthy menu items, and more likely to consider healthy items bland tasting, finds a Temple University analysis Americans also reported eating out approximately five times a week in 2006. Fast-food restaurants were the most popular eating establishments for…

XDR TB in South Africa traced to lack of drug susceptibility testing / inadvertently helped to create a new strain of TB

Public release date: 22-Oct-2007 XDR TB in South Africa traced to lack of drug susceptibility testing In South Africa, the 2001 implementation of the World Health Organization’s anti-tuberculosis program may have inadvertently helped to create a new strain of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR TB). In a new study published in the December 1 issue of…

Broccoli sprout-derived extract protects against ultraviolet radiation

Public release date: 22-Oct-2007 A team of Johns Hopkins scientists reports in this week’s issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences that humans can be protected against the damaging effects of ultraviolet (UV) radiation — the most abundant cancer-causing agent in our environment — by topical application of an extract of broccoli…

Zinc may reduce pneumonia risk in nursing home elderly

Public release date: 22-Oct-2007 BOSTON — When elderly nursing home residents contract pneumonia, it is a blow to their already fragile health. Simin Nikbin Meydani, DVM, PhD of the Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University and colleagues report that maintaining normal serum zinc concentration in the blood may help…

Exercise improves thinking, reduces diabetes risk in overweight children

Public release date: 22-Oct-2007 Just three months of daily, vigorous physical activity in overweight children improves their thinking and reduces their diabetes risk, researchers say. “Is exercise a magic wand that turns them into lean, healthy kids? No. They are still overweight but less so, with less fat, a healthier metabolism and an improved ability…

Contamination from depleted uranium found in urine 20 years later

Public release date: 24-Oct-2007 Inhaled depleted uranium (DU) oxide aerosols are recognised as a distinct human health hazard and DU has been suggested to be responsible in part for illness in both military and civilian populations that may have been exposed. The issue has been the subject of investigations by the Royal Society (UK), the…

Dietary supplement boosts IVF hopes – DHEA

Public release date: 24-Oct-2007 “AT THIS point I’ll try anything I can to have a child,” says Emma*, a 38-year-old teacher from London. Emma faces a similar problem to many women: her ovaries produce too few ripe eggs for doctors to extract and use for in-vitro fertilisation (IVF). She is also one of a number…

Natural product discovery by Cleveland medical researchers blocks tissue destruction – Croton palanostigma

Public release date: 24-Oct-2007 CLEVELAND – Scientists at Case Western Reserve University’s School of Medicine have published in the Journal of Inflammation a remarkable discovery with a natural product derived from the Amazon rainforest. The discovery’s unique actions suggest a broad set of applications in various joint, skin and gastrointestinal diseases, including osteoarthritis and irritable…