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Too Much Bottled Water Might Harm Kids’ Teeth – (Deadly Misinformation)

* Be creating a new Category here in a sec, to address articles such as these. Nothing like discouraging kids to drink water. Guess they can get all the flouride they need from botteled sodas and juices. Remember this also comes on the heels of flouride being associated with low I.Q. – Ralph Turchiano

http://engineeringevil.com/2012/07/26/harvard-study-finds-fluoride-lowers-iq-published-in-federal-govt-journal/

WEDNESDAY, AUG. 1 (HealthDay News) — On grocery store shelves and  kitchen counters alike, bottled water has become a staple of the American  dietary landscape.

But, some experts say it may contribute to diminished dental  health.

While most bottled water manufacturers declare that their products are  100 percent “pure,” “clean” or “natural,” few brands contain one  ingredient that most Americans take for granted: fluoride.

A salt formed from the combination of fluorine and soil and rock  minerals, fluoride is voluntarily added by the vast majority of states  and/or local municipalities (rather than the U.S. Environmental Protection  Agency), to public water supplies across the United States.

The goal: to help reduce the risk for dental cavities.

When it comes to bottled water, the decision to add or not to add  fluoride is left entirely up to individual manufacturers. Most do not.

And with Americans now consuming about 8.4 billion gallons of bottled  water each year, according to the Beverage Marketing Corp., some experts  say that turning away from tap water means more cavities and worse dental  hygiene.

Concern are most acute when it comes to children.

Dr. Burton Edelstein, president of the Children’s Dental Health Project  in Washington, D.C., and a professor of dentistry and of health policy and  management at Columbia University in New York City, describes the  increasing prevalence of tooth decay among young children as  “alarming.”

“[Today] one in 10 2-year olds, one in five 3-year olds, one in three  4-year olds and approaching half of 5-year-olds have visually evident  tooth decay experience,” he said, adding that “the consequences in terms  of pain, infection, dysfunction and unmet treatment need are  significant.”

But where does bottled water fit in, if at all?

In 2009, an Eastern Virginia Medical School study published in the  journal Pediatric Dentistry found that nearly 70 percent of parents  surveyed said that they gave their children bottled water to drink, either  exclusively or alongside tap water.

Parents cited bottle waters’ convenience; a preference for its taste  and smell; and a fear of tap water contamination.

Nearly two-thirds of parents said that they had no idea whether or not  the bottled water they gave their children contained any amount of  fluoride.

Dr. Jonathan Shenkin, an American Dental Association spokesman and  Augusta, Maine-based pediatric dentist, said that consumers would have a  hard time finding out if a product contained fluoride, and even if it did,  whether the amount was significant.

“Available studies show that most bottled waters have less than 0.3 ppm  [parts per million] of fluoride, well below the accepted level for  optimally fluoridated drinking water,” he said. “There are no [U.S.] Food  and Drug Administration requirements that the amount of fluoride be  labeled on bottled water unless it has been added during processing. This  leaves consumers in the dark about the fluoride content of the bottled  water they consume.”

But the connection between bottled water and dental health is just a  suspicion, with no scientific proof.

Shenkin acknowledged that “there has been no research to show using  bottled water causes tooth decay.” At the same time, he cautioned that  fluoridated tap water is now believed by experts to reduce the risk of  tooth decay by about 25 percent, and that no research has effectively discounted the possible connection between non-fluoridated bottled  water consumption and a rise in tooth decay risk.

Indeed, Shenkin offered a “reminder that the U.S. Centers for Disease  Control [and Prevention] listed water fluoridation as one of the 10 great  public health achievements of the 20th century.”

Edelstein seconded the notion that fluoride is an important tool in the  fight against tooth decay.

“Fluoride — no matter how it gets to the tooth surfaces — toothpaste,  water, rinses, varnishes, gels, is effective in a multitude of ways,” he  said. “It strengthens the tooth structure while also inhibiting the  bacteria’s capacity to produce acids from sugars. It is most effective  when delivered multiple times throughout the day, by using fluoridated  toothpastes twice daily and by drinking fluoridated water.”

Edelstein noted that “the advantage of water is that it is consumed  multiple times a day,” adding that tap water is both convenient and  free.

“[But] when bottled water without fluoride is substituted for  fluoridated tap water, the advantage of regular, small amounts of healing  fluoride is lost and children and adults will be more prone to cavity  activity on the surfaces of their teeth,” he warned.

That said, Edelstein — like Shenkin — also noted that no studies have  as yet directly linked a higher risk for cavities to the consumption of  bottled water in place of tap water.

“Some have attributed this increase and prevalence to bottled water  substitution,” he said.  “But that remains conjecture as other factors —   increased sugar in diets, changes in demography, dental intervention —   may account for the change.”

In a news release issued in March, the International Bottled Water  Association (IBWA) denied that bottled-water consumption is associated  with an increased risk for tooth decay.

“There is absolutely no correlation between consumption of bottled  water and an increase in cavities,” the IBWA stated. “In fact, bottled  water does not contain ingredients that cause cavities, such as sugar.”  The organization also noted that about 20 of its member manufacturers  actually produce “clearly labeled” fluoridated bottled water.

“Consumers,” the IBWA added, “should therefore look at how much  fluoride they are receiving as part of an overall diet and should contact  their health-care provider or dental-care provider for their  recommendation.”

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