Month: December 2016

Your microbiota’s previous dining experiences may make new diets less effective

Public Release: 29-Dec-2016   Cell Press Share Print E-Mail IMAGE: This visual abstract depicts the findings of Griffin et al. that the magnitude of microbiota responses to diet interventions varies among individuals. Dispersal of diet-responsive bacterial taxa between hosts enhance subsequent responses to diet interventions. Credit: Griffin et al. / Cell Host & Microbe Your…

Iron deficiency anemia associated with hearing loss

Public Release: 29-Dec-2016   The JAMA Network Journals In a study published online by JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Kathleen M. Schieffer, B.S., of the Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey, Pa., and colleagues examined the association between sensorineural hearing loss and conductive hearing loss and iron deficiency anemia in adults ages 21 to…

Omega-3 supplements can prevent childhood asthma

Public Release: 29-Dec-2016   University of Waterloo   IMAGE: Professor Ken Stark taking a sample of blood in Waterloo’s Laboratory of Nutritional and Nutraceutical Research to determine the levels of omega-3 fatty acids. Credit: Light Imaging Taking certain omega-3 fatty acid supplements during pregnancy can reduce the risk of childhood asthma by almost one third,…

Phosphatidylserine may be key to treatment of rare disease

Public Release: 21-Dec-2016 Food supplement may be key to treatment of rare disease Familial Dysautonomia may be slowed by phosphatidylserine, Tel Aviv University researchers say American Friends of Tel Aviv University A new Tel Aviv University study finds that a popular food supplement called phosphatidylserine may be instrumental in reversing the detrimental effects of Familial…

Vitamin D improves gut flora and metabolic syndrome

Public Release: 21-Dec-2016 Extra vitamin D can restore good bacteria in the gut, according to a study in mice, giving hope in the fight against risk factors for diabetes and heart disease Frontiers It is well known that a diet high in fat can trigger a metabolic syndrome, a group of symptoms that pose as…

High dietary processed meat intake linked to worsening asthma symptoms

Public Release: 20-Dec-2016   Four or more weekly servings seem to have greatest impact, findings suggest BMJ   A high dietary intake of cured and processed meats, such as ham and salami, is linked to worsening asthma symptoms, reveals research published online in the journal Thorax. Four or more weekly servings seem to have the…

Commercial brand of mouthwash can help kill off gonorrhea in the mouth

Public Release: 20-Dec-2016   Daily use might be cheap and easy way of curbing spread of infection, say researchers BMJ A commercial brand of mouthwash that is readily available from supermarkets and pharmacies can help curb the growth of the bacteria responsible for gonorrhoea, reveals preliminary research published online in the journal Sexually Transmitted Infections.…

Sunlight offers surprise benefit — it energizes infection fighting T cells

Public Release: 20-Dec-2016   Georgetown University Medical Center   IMAGE: Sunshine and clouds are pictured. Credit: Georgetown University WASHINGTON — Sunlight allows us to make vitamin D, credited with healthier living, but a surprise research finding could reveal another powerful benefit of getting some sun. Georgetown University Medical Center researchers have found that sunlight, through…

Scientific ‘facts’ could be false

Public Release: 20-Dec-2016   University of Copenhagen – Niels Bohr Institute IMAGE: Silas Boye Nissen is a Ph.D. student in biophysics at the Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen. Credit: Credit: Ola Jakup Joensen. When is a scientific result true or false? Experiments always have a certain proportion of positive results and negative results, but…

Spicy molecule inhibits growth of breast cancer cells

Public Release: 20-Dec-2016   Ruhr-University Bochum Capsaicin, an active ingredient of pungent substances such as chilli or pepper, inhibits the growth of breast cancer cells. This was reported by a team headed by the Bochum-based scent researcher Prof Dr Dr Dr habil Hanns Hatt and Dr Lea Weber, following experiments in cultivated tumour cells. In…

Gelatin supplements, good for your joints?

Public Release: 20-Dec-2016   University of California – Davis   A new study from Keith Baar’s Functional Molecular Biology Laboratory at the UC Davis College of Biological Sciences and the Australian Institute of Sport suggests that consuming a gelatin supplement, plus a burst of intensive exercise, can help build ligaments, tendons and bones. The study…

Gut bacteria may hold key to treating autoimmune disease

Public Release: 19-Dec-2016   Rockefeller University Press   IMAGE: Foxp3-mutant mice suffer inflammatory damage in their lung tissue (left), but this is prevented by treatment with the bacterium Lactobacillus reuteri (right). Credit: He et al., 2017 Defects in the body’s regulatory T cells (T reg cells) cause inflammation and autoimmune disease by altering the type…

The strange effects of thinking healthy food is costlier

Public Release: 19-Dec-2016   Price of food even influences what health issues we worry about Ohio State University   COLUMBUS, Ohio – Consumers believe healthy food must be more expensive than cheap eats and that higher-priced food is healthier – even when there is no supporting evidence, according to new research. The results mean not…

Ancient Chinese malaria remedy fights TB

Public Release: 19-Dec-2016   Michigan State University Caption Robert Abramovitch, a Michigan State University microbiologist and TB expert, has found that a centuries-old herbal medicine, used to effectively treat malaria, has been found to potentially aid in the treatment of tuberculosis and may slow the evolution of drug resistance. Credit: Michigan State University EAST LANSING,…

Low-carb diet alleviates inherited form of intellectual disability in mice

Public Release: 19-Dec-2016   Finding could lead to treatment for Kabuki syndrome in people Johns Hopkins Medicine Experimenting on mice with a genetic change similar to that found in people with a rare inherited disease called Kabuki syndrome, Johns Hopkins scientists report that a very low-carbohydrate diet can “open up” DNA and improve mental function.…

Why exposure to rhythmic stimulation at certain frequencies facilitate epileptic seizures

Public Release: 19-Dec-2016   University of Exeter Why does exposure to rhythmic stimulation at certain frequencies facilitate the occurrence of epileptic seizures? In 1997, flickering patterns in an episode of the series Pokémon triggered epileptic seizures in nearly 700 Japanese children. These spontaneous outbreaks in apparently healthy children were linked to so-called “photosensitive epilepsy”, a…

Research Minute 19 DEC 2016

1. Lutein status is linked to cognitive performance across the lifespan 2. Longer use of pain relievers associated with hearing loss in women 3. Avoiding over-the-counter heartburn meds could save cancer patients’ lives