Month: April 2017

Antibiotics counteract the beneficial effect of whole grain

Public Release: 28-Apr-2017   Aarhus University According to recommendations from the Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, adult Danes should consume at least 75 g whole meal a day. However, it is not only the contents of vitamins, minerals and fibers that make whole grain products such as rye bread and oatmeal healthy. Several studies have…

Can aromatherapy calm competition horses?

Public Release: 26-Apr-2017   Experimental Biology 2017 Although studies suggest that inhaling certain scents may reduce stress in humans, aromatherapy is relatively unexplored in veterinary medicine. But new research presented today at the American Physiological Society (APS) annual meeting at Experimental Biology 2017 in Chicago raises the question of whether aromatherapy may be beneficial to…

Chronic fatigue syndrome linked to imbalanced microbiome

Public Release: 26-Apr-2017   Scientists identify abnormal levels of specific gut bacteria in individuals with chronic fatigue syndrome, including those with and without co-morbid IBS Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health Scientists at the Center for Infection and Immunity (CII) at Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health have discovered abnormal levels of specific…

Monosodium glutamate (MSG) damages memory and coordination, exercise can help recover

Public Release: 26-Apr-2017 Resistance exercises recover motor and memory impairment caused by flavor enhancer The Physiological Society A study in rats, published in Experimental Physiology, showed that resistance exercise recovers memory and motor impairment caused by the flavour enhancer monosodium glutamate. Monosodium glutamate (MSG) is an additive that mimics umami flavour, the fifth taste aside…

High-fructose diet during and after pregnancy can cause a fatty liver in offspring

Public Release: 26-Apr-2017   A diet high in fructose-containing sugars eaten during pregnancy or while breastfeeding can cause offspring to have a fatty liver, increasing their chances of developing obesity or type 2 diabetes The Physiological Society A diet high in fructose-containing sugars eaten during pregnancy or while breastfeeding can cause offspring to have a…

Italian-style coffee reduces the risk of prostate cancer

Public Release: 26-Apr-2017   A research on 7,000 Italian men, combined with laboratory studies, confirms that drinking more than 3 Italian-style coffee cups a day reduces prostate cancer risk by more than 50 percent Istituto Neurologico Mediterraneo Neuromed I.R.C.C.S. Add another typical component of the Italian way of life to the long list of foods…

Orange essential oil may help alleviate PTSD and Anxiety

We review the recent study” Orange essential oil may help alleviate post-traumatic stress disorder ” in regard to how just the scent could potentially assuage PTSD symptoms in humans Citation: Experimental Biology 2017. (2017, April 24). Orange essential oil may help alleviate post-traumatic stress disorder: Researchers find evidence that essential oil reduces fear, diminishes immune…

Gut bacteria tell the brain what animals should eat

Public Release: 25-Apr-2017   PLOS   IMAGE: Gut bacteria tell the brain what animals should eat. Credit: Gil Costa Neuroscientists have, for the first time, shown that gut bacteria “speak” to the brain to control food choices in animals. In a study publishing April 25 in the Open Access journal PLOS Biology, researchers identified two…

Parkinson’s disease will be curable with cortisol

Public Release: 25-Apr-2017   DGIST (Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology)   Caption Hydrocortisone binds to glucocorticoid receptor which in turn leads to expression of CREB. CREB increases parkin expression via binding to CREB binding motifs of parkin promoter region. Hydrocortisone-stimulated parkin expression results in the downregulation of the toxic parkin substrate AIMP2, which…

Orange essential oil may help alleviate post-traumatic stress disorder

Public Release: 24-Apr-2017   Researchers find evidence that essential oil reduces fear, diminishes immune system markers of stress in mice Experimental Biology 2017 About 8 percent of people will develop post-traumatic stress disorder at some point in their lives, according to the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, yet treatments for this debilitating condition remain limited.…

Patients with drug-resistant malaria cured by plant therapy developed at WPI

Public Release: 24-Apr-2017   Tablets made from dried leaves of the Artemisia annua plant cured 18 critically ill patients in a Congo clinic. The results suggest a new and inexpensive treatment option for the mosquito-borne disease that affects 212 million people worldwide Worcester Polytechnic Institute   Caption Pamela Weathers, professor of biology and biotechnology at…

Odds of being misdiagnosed?

We briefly review the Mayo Clinic Study ” The value of second opinions demonstrated in study ” In which they find the initial diagnosis was right only 12% of the time. Citation- Extent of diagnostic agreement among medical referrals. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, April 2017 DOI: 10.1111/jep.12747

4 exciting advances in food and nutrition research

Public Release: 22-Apr-2017   New insights could help us make healthier food choices Experimental Biology 2017 Chicago (April 22, 2017) – New discoveries tied to how food affects our body and why we make certain food choices could help inform nutrition plans and policies that encourage healthy food choices. The Experimental Biology 2017 meeting (EB…

Could fixing the body clock help people regain consciousness?

Public Release: 19-Apr-2017   American Academy of Neurology   MINNEAPOLIS – For people with severe brain injuries, researchers have found that the rhythm of daily fluctuations in body temperature is related to their level of consciousness, according to a preliminary study published in the April 19, 2017, online issue of Neurology┬«, the medical journal of…

Lutein essential for working memory in older adults

We review the research ” Study links nutrition to brain health and intelligence in older adults ” in regard to maintaining crystallized intelligence ” – the ability to use the skills and knowledge one has acquired over a lifetime”. Citation: Parahippocampal Cortex Mediates the Relationship between Lutein and Crystallized Intelligence in Healthy, Older Adults. Frontiers…

Master detox molecule boosts immune defenses

Public Release: 18-Apr-2017   LIH scientists discover an unknown immune mechanism Luxembourg Institute of Health   Caption Scientists of the Luxembourg Institute of Health (LIH) have discovered an unknown molecular mechanism promoting the activation of the human immune system. The team has been studying the glutathione molecule known for its role in cleaning the body…

Zinc supply affects cardiac health

Public Release: 18-Apr-2017   Study shows link between zinc levels and cardiac health Technical University of Munich (TUM) In addition to essential metabolic functions, the level of zinc in the body also affects the heart muscle. When oxidative stress occurs, it may be due to a shortage of zinc, which can be determined by examining…