Anti-aging molecule NAD+ gets a boost from blocking an enzyme

Public Release: 24-Oct-2018   Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne IMAGE: This is a histological section of a normal kidney (left) versus a kidney after acute kidney injury (right). view more Credit: J. Auwerx, EPFL Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) is a major player in nutrition today. Studies have shown that NAD+ concentrations decrease during aging and…

Importance of infant diet in establishing a healthy gut

Public Release: 24-Oct-2018 Newcastle University A child has until the age of two-and-a-half to establish healthy gut bacteria – with little change after this point, new research has revealed. The study also reinforced the important role breastfeeding plays in providing good gut bacteria to babies during the early stages of their life. The team, involving…

Brain-eating amoebae halted by silver nanoparticles

Public Release: 24-Oct-2018   American Chemical Society Halloween is just around the corner, and some people will celebrate by watching scary movies about brain-eating zombies. But even more frightening are real-life parasites that feed on the human brain, and they can be harder to kill than their horror-movie counterparts. Now, researchers have developed silver nanoparticles…

Fighting mutant influenza

Public Release: 24-Oct-2018 American Chemical Society Another flu season is here, which means another chance for viruses to mutate. Already, most influenza A viruses contain a mutation that confers resistance against one class of antiviral medications, and the bugs are steadily gaining resistance against another class. Scientists report in ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters a series…

Cannabis pain relief without the ‘high’

Public Release: 24-Oct-2018   Canadian researchers pinpoint the mechanism of cannabidiol for safe pain relief without side effects McGill University Health Centre In the wake of cannabis legalization, a team of scientists at the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre (MUHC) and McGill University have delivered encouraging news for chronic pain sufferers by…

The composition of gut bacteria almost recovers after antibiotics

Public Release: 23-Oct-2018   University of Copenhagen The Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences The trillions of bacteria in the human gut affect our health in multiple ways including effects on immune functions and metabolism. A rich and diverse gut microbiota is considered to promote health providing the human host with many competences to prevent…

How to help protect yourself from vaccine administration injury

Public Release: 23-Oct-2018 University of Waterloo A study by researchers at the University of Waterloo reiterates the need for health care professionals, including pharmacists, to take certain precautions to minimize the risk of their patients suffering shoulder injury related to vaccine administration (SIRVA). SIRVA is an uncommon and understudied phenomenon that people may experience after…

Eating leafy greens could help prevent macular degeneration

Public Release: 18-Oct-2018   Westmead Institute for Medical Research A new study has shown that eating vegetable nitrates, found mainly in green leafy vegetables and beetroot, could help reduce your risk of developing early-stage age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Researchers at the Westmead Institute for Medical Research interviewed more than 2,000 Australian adults aged over 49…

Multi-strain probiotic reduces chemotherapy-induced diarrhoea [ESMO 2018 Press Release]

Public Release: 22-Oct-2018 ESMO 2018 Congress, 19-23 October 2018, Munich, Germany European Society for Medical Oncology Munich, Germany, 21 October 2018 – A high concentration of multi-strain probiotic helps to reduce mild to moderate episodes of chemotherapy-induced diarrhoea (CID) in cancer patients, according to results of a phase II/III study in India. (1) Presenting the…

Blood Sugar Lowered Dramatically with AMPK Raising Alanine

Blood Sugar Lowered Dramatically with AMPK Raising Alanine Blood Sugar Lowered Dramatically with AMPK Raising Alanine Type 2 diabetes is driven by many metabolic pathways, with some pathways driven by amino acids, the molecular building blocks for proteins. Scientists at Joslin Diabetes Center now have shown that one amino acid, alanine, may produce a short-term…

More caffeine from coffee associated with decreased rosacea risk

Public Release: 17-Oct-2018   JAMA Dermatology Bottom Line: Consuming caffeine from coffee but not from other foods (tea, soda and chocolate) was associated with less risk of rosacea, a common chronic inflammatory skin disease where the skin appears red and flushed. This observational study included more than 82,000 women in the Nurses’ Health Study II…

Probiotics and antibiotics create a killer combination

Public Release: 17-Oct-2018   Delivered together, the two join forces to eradicate drug-resistant bacteria Massachusetts Institute of Technology   CAMBRIDGE, MA — In the fight against drug-resistant bacteria, MIT researchers have enlisted the help of beneficial bacteria known as probiotics. In a new study, the researchers showed that by delivering a combination of antibiotic drugs…

Nutrients may reduce blood glucose levels

Public Release: 10-Oct-2018 Study in cells and animals shows that one amino acid can provide brief beneficial effects Joslin Diabetes Center BOSTON – (October 10, 2018) – Type 2 diabetes is driven by many metabolic pathways, with some pathways driven by amino acids, the molecular building blocks for proteins. Scientists at Joslin Diabetes Center now…

Plant compound found to have therapeutic effect on complications from snakebites

Public Release: 11-Oct-2018 A PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases press release PLOS Rutin, a flavonoid, may complement antivenom as an effective co-treatment for envenoming from Bothrops jaraca. Researchers have found that rutin, an inexpensive, plant-based compound may protect envenomed mice from bleeding and inflammation problems, according to a study published in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases by…

Scientists accidentally reprogram mature mouse GABA neurons into dopaminergic-like neurons

Public Release: 11-Oct-2018 Cell Press IMAGE: This image shows Dr. Chun-Li Zhang and Lei-Lei Wang. Credit: David Gresham / UT Southwestern Attempting to make dopamine-producing neurons out of glial cells in mouse brains, a group of researchers instead converted mature inhibitory neurons into dopaminergic cells. Their findings, appearing October 11 in the journal Stem Cell…

Low copper levels linked to fatter fat cells

Public Release: 11-Oct-2018 Johns Hopkins researchers have found that low levels of cellular copper appear to make fat cells fatter by altering how cells process their main metabolic fuels, such as fat and sugar Johns Hopkins Medicine IMAGE: Fat cells deficient in copper grew to twice the size of normal adipocytes. Credit: Credit: Haojun Yang,…

Link between gut flora and multiple sclerosis discovered

Public Release: 11-Oct-2018 University of Zurich Caption Diminishing myelin sheaths: The damaged areas (at the bottom of the image) of the brains of MS patients lack myelin (at the top, in blue). (Image: Dr. med. Imke Metz, University of Göttingen, Germany) Credit: Image: Dr. med. Imke Metz, University of Göttingen, Germany Multiple sclerosis is an…

NIH study finds probiotic Bacillus eliminates Staphylococcus bacteria

NIH study finds probiotic Bacillus eliminates Staphylococcus bacteria NIH study finds probiotic Bacillus eliminates Staphylococcus bacteria A new study from National Institutes of Health scientists and their Thai colleagues shows that a “good” bacterium commonly found in probiotic digestive supplements helps eliminate Staphylococcus aureus, a type of bacteria that can cause serious antibiotic-resistant infections. Pipat…

Study firms up diet and depression link

Public Release: 9-Oct-2018 James Cook University Does fast food contribute to depression? Can a healthy diet combat mental illness? In an unusual experiment, James Cook University researchers in Australia have found that among Torres Strait Islander people the amount of fish and processed food eaten is related to depression. A JCU research team led by…