In test with rats, cannabidiol showed sustained effects against depression for 7 days

Public Release: 30-Aug-2018   First results appeared 24 hours after one single dose of the marijuana component; scientists concluded that CBD activate mechanisms which repair neuronal circuitry in patients’ prefrontal cortex and hippocampus Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo Commercial antidepressants typically take two to four weeks to have a significant…

Investigators find that bile acids reduce cocaine reward

Public Release: 31-Aug-2018   Vanderbilt University Medical Center   IMAGE: India Reddy, MD, PhD, left, Nick Smith, Charles (Robb) Flynn, PhD, and colleagues are studying the role of bile acids in reducing the desire for cocaine. Credit: Photo by Anne Rayner Bile acids — gut compounds that aid in the digestion of dietary fats —…

Aging reversed through mitochondrial DNA replenishment

Aging reversed through mitochondrial DNA replenishment Aging reversed through mitochondrial DNA replenishment Researchers have reversed wrinkled skin and hair loss, hallmarks of aging, in a mouse model. When a mutation leading to mitochondrial dysfunction is induced, the mouse develops wrinkled skin and extensive, visible hair loss in a matter of weeks. When the mitochondrial function…

Few people at risk for heart disease understand food labels

Public Release: 28-Aug-2018   Survey reveals gaps in use and awareness of important nutritional information European Society of Cardiology An Irish survey of 200 men and women examines awareness, understanding, and use of food labels in preventing lifestyle-related disease in a primary care setting. Participants responded to a questionnaire devised by the lead author. The…

Antibiotic side effects in kids lead to nearly 70,000 ER visits in the US each year

Public Release: 23-Aug-2018 Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society The use of antibiotics drives the development of antibiotic resistance, a major threat to public health worldwide. But these drugs also carry the risk of harm to individual patients, including children. According to a new analysis published in the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society, antibiotics led…

Natural sugar defends against metabolic syndrome, in mice

Public Release: 23-Aug-2018 Trehalose blocks glucose from liver Washington University School of Medicine New research, in mice, indicates that a natural sugar called trehalose blocks glucose from the liver and activates a gene that boosts insulin sensitivity, reducing the chance of developing diabetes. Activating the gene also triggers an increase in calories burned, reduces fat…

Cardio exercise and strength training affect hormones differently

Public Release: 24-Aug-2018 University of Copenhagen The Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences Every day a lot of people cycle to and from work or visit the gym to lift heavy weights. Regardless of the form of training they choose, almost everyone does it to improve their health. But we actually know surprisingly little about…

For first time in 40 years, cure for acute leukemia within reach

Public Release: 24-Aug-2018 Hebrew University drug trials show 50 percent cure rate in lab mice Acute myeloid leukemia is one of the most aggressive cancers. While other cancers have benefitted from new treatments, there has been no encouraging news for most leukemia patients for the past 40 years. Until now. As published today in the…

Maple leaf extract could inhibit skin wrinkles

Maple leaf extract could inhibit skin wrinkles Maple leaf extract could inhibit skin wrinkles Maple trees are best known for their maple syrup and lovely fall foliage. But it turns out that the beauty of those leaves could be skin-deep — and that’s a good thing. Today, scientists report that an extract from the leaves…

Maple leaf extract could nip skin wrinkles in the bud

Public Release: 20-Aug-2018 American Chemical Society   IMAGE: Extracts from summer or fall red maple leaves are formulated into a powder that could be incorporated in skincare products to prevent wrinkles. Credit: Hang Ma BOSTON, Aug. 20, 2018 — Maple trees are best known for their maple syrup and lovely fall foliage. But it turns…

Consuming milk at breakfast lowers blood glucose throughout the day

Public Release: 20-Aug-2018 Effects of protein composition and concentration detailed in a new study from the Journal of Dairy Science® Elsevier Philadelphia, August 20, 2018 – A change in breakfast routine may provide benefits for the management of type 2 diabetes, according to a new study published in the Journal of Dairy Science. H. Douglas…

Could vitamin B3 treat acute kidney injury?

Public Release: 20-Aug-2018   Researchers discover mechanism that could lead to new, accessible treatment Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center   IMAGE: This is Samir M. Parikh, MD, Nephrologist and Principal Investigator at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. Credit: Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center BOSTON – Acute kidney injury, an often fatal condition without a specific…

Clay to fight bacteria in wounds: An old practice may be a new solution

Public Release: 21-Aug-2018   Mayo Clinic ROCHESTER, Minn. – The use of mud or wet clay as a topical skin treatment or a poultice is a common practice in some cultures and the concept of using mud as medicine goes back to earliest times. Now Mayo Clinic researchers and their collaborators at Arizona State University…

Cannabis link to relieving intestinal inflammation explained

Public Release: 13-Aug-2018   University of Massachusetts Medical School WORCESTER, MA – Reports from cannabis users that the drug reduces the symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) may finally be explained by new research from the University of Massachusetts Medical School and the University of Bath showing that endocannabinoids help control and prevent intestinal inflammation…

Higher omega-3 index associated with better brain function in children

Public Release: 13-Aug-2018   Wright On Marketing & Communications New research published in the July edition of the Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, has established a strong correlation between blood levels of omega-3s, especially docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and better brain function in children two to six years old. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to…

Chemicals found in vegetables prevent colon cancer in mice

Public Release: 14-Aug-2018 The Francis Crick Institute Chemicals produced by vegetables such as kale, cabbage and broccoli could help to maintain a healthy gut and prevent colon cancer, a new study from the Francis Crick Institute shows. The research, published in Immunity, shows that mice fed on a diet rich in indole-3-carbinol – which is…

Compounds in ‘monster’ radish could help tame cardiovascular disease

Public Release: 8-Aug-2018 American Chemical Society Step aside carrots, onions and broccoli. The newest heart-healthy vegetable could be a gigantic, record-setting radish. In a study appearing in ACS’ Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, scientists report that compounds found in the Sakurajima Daikon, or “monster,” radish could help protect coronary blood vessels and potentially prevent…

Bribing bacteria to play nicely is good for everyone

Public Release: 9-Aug-2018 Salk scientists find that common dietary elements cure lethal infections, eliminating the need for antibiotics Salk Institute Caption Salk scientists find that common dietary elements cure lethal infections, eliminating the need for antibiotics. From left: (front) Yujung Lee and Karina Sanchez; (back) Janelle Ayres, Samuel Redford, Grischa Chen and Alexandria Palaferri Schieber…